ENGLISH TEST ON CORRECTION OF SENTENCES BY 100 GOLDEN RULES AND BELOW GIVEN ANSWERS TO CHECK YOUR TEST KNOWLEDGE
common errors are given below.
Directions (1-10) : Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical/idiomatic/spelling mistake/error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the s.entence. Mark the number of that part with error as your answer. If there is no error, mark (5).
EX.1. It was clear from the way (1)/ they were behaving (2)/ that they had been (3)/ lost their senses (4)/ No er¬ror (5).
EX.2. That boy possess (1)/ three beautiful pens (2)/ but he would not (3)/ show them to anyone (4)/ No error (5) ..
EX.3. Though I had been (1)/ his friend for quite a long time, (2)/ I re¬fused to help him (3)/ because his ill nature (4)/ No error (5).
EX.4. When he had been (1)/ walked along the road (2)/ a wild and ferocious dog (3)/ hit him hard and knocked him down (4)/ No error (5).
EX.5. I am grateful to you (1)/ and all your friends (2)/ for showing sym-pathy (3)/ and kindness with me (4)/ No error (5).
[Corporation Bank Clerk Exam, 18.06.2006]
EX.6. I have citicize (1)/ the re¬markable book (2)/ because I ben-efited (3)/ from reading it. (4)/ No er¬ror (5)
EX.7. As Arundhati Roy (1)/ in her foreword write (2)/ John offers (3)/un-told stories of people. (4) No error (5)
EX.8. Responsibilities includes (1)/ working with the editors (2)/ on all. aspects (3)/ of the editorial process. (4)/ No error (5)
EX.9. While grouping the words (1)/ care have been taken (2)/ to in-clude th'e role (3)/ grammar plays in a language. (4)/ No error (5)
EX.10. Distrust seems (1)/ to be a factor (2)/ borne out of (3)/ prevail¬ing circumstances. (4)/ No error (5) [Syndicate Bank Clerk Exam, 17.04.2005]
Directions (11-20) : Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sen-tence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (5), Le. 'No Error'. (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any).
EX.11. I am grateful to you (1)/ and all your friends (2)/for the showed sympathy (3)/ and kindness towards me. (4)/ No error (5)
EX.12. While he was (1)/ walking along the road (2)/a speeding car (3)/ knocked down to him (4)/ No error (5)
EX.13. Though none of his (1)/ so-called well-wishers forwarded to help (2)/1 helped him by (3)/ complet¬ing.his work on time (4)/ No error (5)
[Corporation Bank Clerk Exam, 07.11.2004]
EX.14. No book is (1 lias absorb¬ing as (2)/the novel I am reading (3) written by Prem Chand. (4)/No er¬ror (5).
[BSRB Mumbai Bank Clerical Exam., 07.06.1998]
EX.15. He not only believes (1)/ in hardwork but (2)/also is honesty (3)/ of the highest order. (4)/No Error (5) [BSRB Patna Bank Clerical Exam., 23.03.1998]
EX.16. Why it is that (1 )/don't you understand (2)/even when it is ex¬plained (~)/to you again and again. (4)/No error (5)
[BSRB Patna Bank Clerical Exam., 22.03.1998]
EX.17. Arun along with his (1)/ family goes for (2)/morning walk ev¬ery day (3)/in the nearby park. (4)/No error (5)
[BSRB Patna Bank Clerical Exam., 22.03.1998]
EX.18. What was his response (1 )/when you tried (2)/to got some (3)/ information from him? (4)/No error (5) EX.19. This time election (1 )/did not had (2)/heat and dust usually (3)/ associated with it. (4)/No error (5). [BSRB Patna Bank Clerical Exam, 05.04.1998]
20. If you do not (1 )/submit the re¬port (2)/in the next two days (3)/all of us will be delay. (4)/No error (5). [BSRB Lucknow Clerical Exam., 07.12.1997]
21. It is a mystery (1 )/how some people (2)/can foretell future events (3)/on the basis of horoscope (4)/No error (5).
[BSRB Jaipur Bank Clerical Exam., 21.12.1997J
22. All said and done (1 )/it is the basic value that is (2)/most impor¬tance and (3)/help you in the long run. (4)/No error (5)
[BSRB Delhi Bank Clerical Exam., 30.11.1997]
[ ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATION] 1.(3) Past Perfect Tense will be used. The structure is :
Subject + had + past participle 2.(1) 'That boy possesses' is the correct usage, as the verb must agree with its subject in number and person. 3.(4) 'Because of' is the correct
4.(2) The structure of Past Perfect Continuous is
Subject + had been + verb +ing 5.(4) The preposition 'with' should be replaced by 'to'.
6.(1) The error lies in part (1) of the sentence. 'I have criticize' should be replaced with 'I did not criticize'. It will make the sentence meaningful.
7.(2) The word 'write' is in Present Indefinite Tense. It should be replaced with 'has written' as Present Perfect is used to express past action whose time is not given and not defi¬nite.
8.(1) The word Responsibilities is a Plural Subject. It will take plural verb.
9.(2) The word Care is Singular and it will take Singular ~erb. Hence, 'care have been taken' should be re¬placed with 'care has been taken'.
10.(3) The phrase 'borne out of,' should be replaced with 'born of' which means coining from the speci¬fied type of parents, background, ori¬gin etc. For example,
Her socialist beliefs were born of . a hatred of injustice.
11.(4) The word kindness is fol-lowed by Preposition 'to'. For example,
I can never repay her many kind-ness to me.
12.(4) The phrase knock some body down means hit somebody and make them fall to the ground.
He was knocked down.
Hence, the correct sentence will be:
While he was walking along the road, a speeding car knocked him down.
13.(2) The correct sentence will be:
. Though none of his so-called well-wishers came forward to help, I helped him by completing his work on time ..
14. (1) Here the comparison is between things (novels) which be¬long to the same class or group. Therefore, no other should be used in the place of no.
See the example given below : (i) No other city in India is as large as Mumbai.
(ii) No city in Bangladesh is as large as Mumbai.
In the first sentence comparison is among the cities in India. Here cit¬ies belong to the same group i.e. In¬dian cities.
But in the second sentence com-parison is among the cities of Bangladesh on the one side and Mumbai (Indian city) on the other. So, the comparison is between the cities which belong to different groups. Therefore, only No is used.
15. (1) Not only should be used after believes and not before be¬lieves. Remember two Subjects/Ob-jects/Verbs/Gerunds, etc. are con-nected by not only ... but also/Either .. or/Neither ... nor.
(i) I have invited not only Ram but also Shyam.
(ii) He not only reads but also writes.
In the given sentence not only is used before a Verb (believes) and but also is used before a Noun (honesty). So, it needs change and adjustment.
16. (2) We generally construct an interrogative sentence by keeping Au~iliary Verb before the Subject. This is what is done in part (1) of the given sentence. But one should remember that when connected by that, the clause after that should not be in in¬terrogative form. So, you don't under¬stand will be used in place of don't you understand.
How can you conclude that his answer was wrong.
17. (5) Here the Subject is Arun which is in Third person, Singular Number. So, the Verb goes is also in Third Person Singular Number.
"Words joined to a Singular Sub-ject by with, together with, in addition to or as well as etc. are parentheti¬cal, and therefore do not affect the Number of the Verb.
(i) Rama as well as Hari and Govind likes hot curry.
The use of goes is appropriate here. Therefore, the given sentence is above suspicion, so far the grammati-cal norms are concerned.
18. (3) Use of got (V 2) after to is wrong. To-infinitive is- constructed fol-lowing the norm (To + V,). Therefore, if a Verb is used after to, it 'should be in the first form (i.e. V1). Here also, in¬stead of got (V2)/(Va) get (V,) must be used.
He requested me tq come.
19. (2) Remember, after do, did, does, can, could, shall, should (Aux-iliaries) Verb is always in the first form (VJ
Do you know him?
I don't know'him?
I don't know him. -L
In the given sentence had is used after did not. Had is the second/ third form of have. So according to the above mentioned norm, have (VI) should be used in place of had (Vi Va)'
20. (4) Delayed should be used in place of delay. The sentence is in Passive Voice. So be should be fol-lowed by the third form of the Verb.
21. (3) Foretell means "to tell what will happen in future". Therefore use of future in the sentence is su¬perfluous.
22. (3) Use important in place of importance.
In some of the Bank Clerical Ex-
ams, another type of questions on . Common Errors are also as~ed in ad-dition to the above mentioned type. This type of questions appear to be somewhat easier as you have to find out only the inappropriate word in a sentence. Consider the following ex-amples:
Directions (1-5) : In each sen¬tence below are given four words which are numbered (1), (2), (3) and (4) and printed in bold type, one of which may be either inappropriate in the context of the sentence or wrongly spelt. The number of that word is the answer. If all the four words are ap¬propriate and also correctly spelt mark (5) i.e., "All correct, as the answer.
Ex.1. The importanse (1)/ given to content-oriented approach has af-fected (2)/ the methodology (3)/ of this project. (4)/ All correct (5)' .
EX.2. Almost all risk-taking (1)/ work involve (2)/ decision (3)/ making under uncertainty. (4)/ All correct(5)
EX.3. In developing (1)/ countries there is increesing (2)/ concern for fos¬tering (3)/ human potential. (4)/ All cor¬rect (5)
[United Bank of India Clerk Exam, 24.07.2005]
.Ex.4. There is a significant (1)1 rice (2)/in the prices of essential (3)1 commodities. (4)/AII correct (5)
EX.5. He was fortunately (1 )/to acquire (2)/plenty (3)/of money in the business. (4)/AII correct (5)
[BSRB Baroda (SC/ST) Clerical Exam., 27.04.1997]
ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATION:
1.(1) The correct spelling is impor¬tance.
2.(1) The appropriate word should be risky.
3.(2) The correct spelling is in-creasing.
4.(2) Use rise and not rice.